Diabetes is an insidious disease with many complications. These include:
Eye Complications include glaucoma, cataracts and other eye problemsand diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes is the primary cause of blindness in adults between 20 and 74.
Neuropathy and Foot Complications
Neuropathy is damage to nerves by high levels of glucose in the blood. It can cause numbness and pain in the arms and hands, legs and feet as well as problems with the internal organs.
Stress, high blood pressure, stroke and heart attack
These interrelated problems go hand in hand with obesity, poor diet and lack of exercise which often cause diabetes. The diabetic is at much greater risk of stroke and heart attack than the rest of the population.
Hearing loss is caused by damage (neuropathy) to small blood vessels and nerves of the inner ear.
Oral problems are made worse by diabetes due to a reduced ability to fight the bacterial infections that cause gingivitis and periodonditis.
Gastroparesis, also known as delayed gastric emptying, is caused by damage to the vagus nerve. Gastroesophageal reflux, nausea and abdominal bloating are caused by slow passage of food out of the stomach.
Kidney disease and urologic problems
Continuous high blood sugar overworks the kidneys, which cease working properly, leading eventually to kidney failure.At the same time the patient may experience overactive bladder, urge incontinence-leakage and retention of urine.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Blood vessels in the legs are blocked by fatty deposits and blood flow decreases.
Both men and women may lose interest in sex. Women may suffer from vaginal dryness or pain during intercourse and men may suffer from erectile disfunction.
Ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in diabetic patients resulting from a shortage of insulin. This causes the body to burn fatty acids producing acidic ketone bodies.Dehydration, deep gasping breaths, vomiting.